The Case of Teacher Ronnel Mas

Dear KaPAB,

Siguro nabalitaan niyo na yung hinuli dahil sa post niya na threat sa kay Duterte.

Let’s talk about the case:

Inciting to sedition ang charge against Ronnel Mas, the 25-yr-old teacher who tweeted a P50M reward to anyone who kills the President. This is a warrantless arrest.

Question: Kailan ba puwedeng magkaroon ng warrantless arrest?

Warrantless arrest is valid only on 3 occasions:

1) caught in the act of committing crime

2) hot pursuit (offense has just been committed and police has probable cause based on personal knowledge to believe person committed it)

3) prisoner who escaped from prison

Applicable ba ito sa kaso Ni Ronnel Mas? Eto ang facts ng kaso:

The latest news the prosecutor said that the arrest is invalid.

Bakit invalid?

Prosecutor also says arresting officer had no personal knowledge at the time of the arrest that the person to be arrested has committed the crime. Says arresting officer must have conclusive evidence person who tweeted is indeed Ronnel Mas.

Prosecutor also says arresting officer had no personal knowledge at the time of the arrest that the person to be arrested has committed the crime. Says arresting officer must have conclusive evidence person who tweeted is indeed Ronnel Mas.

Pero nakahanap ng probable cause ang prosecutor.

Prosecutors however said defect in Mas’ arrest was cured when he confessed to the media, which did not form part of custodial investigation. Rules there is probable cause to indict Mas for inciting to sedition in relation to Cybercrime Prevention Act. 

Kasi daw nagconfess siya in front of the media? Question: Valid ba ang confession without a lawyer present?

According to former Supreme Court spokesperson and Free Legal Assistance Group lawyer Theodore Te:

“The confession cannot ‘cure’ the defective warrantless arrest. It appears to be a case of ‘mixing metaphors.”

Kahit daw may Philippine Supreme Court rulings allowing the admissibility of confessions made through media interviews without the presence of a lawyer, these rulings need to be weighed against a 54-year-old United States case which laid down the Miranda warnings.

Sabi rin ni Atty. Te:

“The arrest remains defective despite the supposed admissibility of the confession and remains a basis for criminal liability under Article 124 of the Revised Penal Code for the arresting officers. The DOJ ought to have made that clear in its Resolution, and, in fact should have made such a finding,” he added, referring to the offense of arbitrary detention.

At kahit pa nag admit siya sa harap ng media dapat sana ang atmosphere ay free from coercion.

At dahil naviolate ang karapatan ni Teacher Mas sana DOJ should not have proceeded beyond the unwarranted arrest, sabi ni Atty. Te.

Masakit isipin na lahat ng klaseng pag interpret sa batas ay nangyayari para majustify ang panghuhuli sa mga kritiko.

Sabi nga ni Atty. Mike Navallo,

Painful lesson for anyone accused today: Never admit anything to the media. It will be used against you.”

Don’t answer any question without the presence of a lawyer.

Sa panahon ng Covid19 yung dalawang leader ay magkaiba ang pananaw pagdating sa kritiko.

Sana makapiyansa na si Teacher Ronnel. At sana tulungan siya ng mga tao.

Nakakalungkot,

PAB